BORDER DISPUTE IN THE EU: SLOVENIA&CROATIA
Border and Adriatic Dispute between Slovenia and Croatia and Their Effects
Disputes between Croatia and Slovenia on Adriatic and borders and its effect on their policies on the way of European Union was one of the main focuses of this study. Problems may not contain a prolonged historical background; however, for their future projects they have great importance.
The border dispute between Croatia and Slovenia was first about the land frontiers. Slovenia wants to get the villages in six kilometer region near Dragonya River from Croatia. Because of this problem, disputes over sea borders cannot be resolved. The fundamental problem over the sea borders was about Piran Cove. Slovenia demands a free exit to the open seas by solving this problem. In other words, without any necessity of passing from Croatian or Italian land waters, Slovenia desires a wider seaboard to reach the international waters freely and safely. In conclusion, for these disputes on both land and water borders, Slovenia’s and Croatia’s economic zones are intersecting proclaimed on Adriatic. Croats had been reluctant to step back from their claims despite Slovenia’s pressure.
Contrarily, Slovenia’s existed membership and furthermore its EU presidency in the first half of 2008 made the candidate Croatia give up on the persistence over both Adriatic and land border. On the other side, like Croatia, Slovenia has been seen stubborn in blocking Croatia’s membership as long as Croatia does the same.
Croatia is one of the two candidates with Turkey. Croatia was promised for admission at the end of 2009 but the latest 2010. Contrary to the previous arguments between Slovenia and Croatia, both sides are still unwilling to make progress over the issues. Recently, Slovenia said it would block further accession talks with EU candidate Croatia due to a long-running border dispute between the two countries. Also, Ljubljana still accuses Croatia of claiming an unfair share of the Adriatic Sea close to the Slovenian city of Piran, and denying Slovenian ships direct access to international waters.
To conclude the dispute through what we see, even though Croatia completes the all chapters during the accession talk, Slovenia, at the end, will veto its membership. Some other members invite Slovenia and also Croatia to be more moderate in their attitudes for the resolution of disputes, neither Croatia nor Slovenia seems to be moderate.
We asked a question at the beginning of the study if the historical brotherhood coming from Yugoslavia would bring any cooperation through the EU. Here is the answer which is my opinion; as long as the inherited nationalism and various conflicts survive in both sides, it seems that the happy end will never exist.
Fikri Akkaya Hacettepe Uluslararası İlişkiler 4. sınıf